Placeholder Picture
Placeholder Picture


From time to time, we post news or information on this website that we feel may be of interest to our existing and prospective clients. These articles are meant to raise awareness of topics we feel may be of interest to individuals and small business people.  They are not meant to be fully inclusive reference materials. The topics we address may be complex and the results of their application specific to your situation, so this information is not a substitute for professional tax, payroll, or accounting advice and your reading or use of it is not intended to and does not create a client relationship with our firm or its CPAs. Laws and regulations governing these topics can change rapidly, so information contained in these postings may become outdated. If you have further questions, give us a call so that we can arrange a meeting to discuss your unique circumstance.

Fall 2018 - Qualified Business Income Deduction - Reducing the Tax on Some Small Businesses

If you have income from a pass-through entity or sole proprietorship you may be entitled to a deduction of 20% of your qualified business income.  There are limitations to this deduction base on the type of business that you operate.  For example, service businesses such as doctors or attorneys are precluded from using the deduction unless their income falls under certain thresholds.  There are also limitations on businesses even if they are a qualified trade or business.  These include a W-2 wage-based limitation or a combination W-2 wage and asset based limitation.    The IRS recently released proposed regulations which answer some questions such as rules regarding aggregation of businesses with similar ownership as well as anti-abuse regulations preventing the shifting of income out of a service-based business.  We would be happy to discuss this deduction with you in more detail in order to help you use all of the tax incentives at your disposal.

June 2018 - PA Nonresident Witholding

Pennsylvania now requires state income tax withholding on nonresident individuals and disregarded entities to whom you make payments of non-wage income (payments that would be reported on a 1099).  This would include non-employee compensation as well as leases.  If you think that this might apply to you give us a call and we can help you determine how to comply with this new rule.

December 22, 2017 – Tax Cuts and Jobs Act

The Tax Cuts and Jobs act is one of the largest overhauls of the Internal Revenue Code in over 30 years.  It will cause changes to the way nearly every business or individual calculates and reports their taxes.  For individuals some of the highlights are that the income tax rate brackets are modified reflecting reduced tax rates, AMT thresholds are increased, the standard deduction is increased to $24,000 for married filing joint, dependency exemptions are repealed, state and local income tax deductions are limited, and certain itemized deductions are eliminated.

For small businesses some of the highlights include expanded availability of Section 179 expensing as well as expanded availability to use section 179 on certain qualified real property, expanded availability to use 100% bonus depreciation now also on used property, a 20% qualified business income deduction, and of course the reduced income tax rates.  There are a multitude of other changes such as limitations on the deduction of business interest for businesses with over $25 million of gross receipts.  Net Operating Losses may no longer be carried back but may be carried forward indefinitely.  For businesses taxed as a C-Corporation there is now a 21 percent flat tax rate.  

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act will affect every business differently based on its own circumstances.  Give us a call if you would like to discuss changes that might be advantageous for you to consider.

December 30, 2016 – Health Insurance Reimbursements for Small Employers Now Allowed With Limitations

The 21st Century Cures Act was signed into law December 13, 2016. The new law allows small employers to reimburse employees for individual health insurance policies, even if purchased on the health care exchange. The reimbursement is limited in dollar amount and also has non-discrimination / uniformity rules. The new law also specifies how the reimbursement reduces or potentially eliminates the employees’ premium tax credit.  If you believe that this rule may be beneficial for you, give one of our CPAs a call to discuss how it may fit your business.

November 23, 2016 – New Overtime Rules Blocked by Federal Courts

Late in the day on November 22, a federal court in Texas issued a nationwide injunction stopping the implementation of the new overtime rules which were set to go into effect December 1, 2016. The new rule was set to increase the pay of certain salaried employees. The ruling calls into question whether the new overtime regulations will ever be implemented, given the coming change of administration in the White House.

November 7, 2016 - Change in Tax Return Due Dates

As year-end approaches, you should be aware that the due dates of some types of tax returns have changed. Beginning in the upcoming 2017 filing season (for tax years ending December 31, 2016), the due date of partnership tax returns has been moved up to March 15 from April 15. C-corporations with calendar year ends will now be due April 15 as opposed to March 15. S-Corporation tax returns continue to be due on March 15. The FinCEN Form 114, which is a report of foreign financial holdings, will now be due April 15 instead of June 30. These changes were included in the Surface Transportation and Veterans Health Care Choice Improvement Act of 2015, and are meant to provide a more logical filing order because the K-1 Form from partnership and s-corporation tax returns are needed in order to file personal taxes.

October 31, 2016 – Self-Insured Health Plans – Form 1095 Requirements

The Affordable Care Act instituted a wide variety of requirements pertaining to health insurance. Two central parts of the law are the “individual mandate” for each person to maintain health insurance coverage and the requirement that large employers offer health insurance to employees or pay a penalty. In order to gather the information necessary to enforce these rules, the IRS has implemented the 1095 series of forms. 1095-A forms are issued by health insurance exchanges and provide individuals and the IRS proof of coverage. 1095-B forms are issued by health insurance companies and provide individuals and the IRS proof of health insurance coverage by month. The third in the series is the 1095-C form. This form serves two purposes. The 1095-C is a report from an employer documenting to the IRS and employee whether affordable health insurance was offered in accordance with the law. In addition, for self-insured employers it provides the documentation of coverage for employees and their dependents. This year, as more employers choose to go the self-insured route due to the cost benefit, some employers do not realize that self-insured health plans may need to issue 1095 forms to employees even if the employer is not an “applicable large employer.” If you are self-insured, you will also need to address other fees and filings such as the “transitional reinsurance fee” and “PCOR” fees which are paid through an excise tax return. If you started a self-insurance plan in 2016, give David or Daniel Siegel a call to discuss what records you need to gather and how we can help you meet your health insurance reporting obligations.

October 17, 2016 – Employee Health Insurance Premium Reimbursement

As many of our clients have begun to evaluate how to handle another year of health insurance cost increases, some smaller employers have erroneously come to the conclusion that it would be best to drop their business’s employer coverage and reimburse some amount of an employee’s individual health insurance coverage. While this strategy may sound like a simple plan to contain health insurance costs, it has numerous pitfalls. The IRS and Department of Labor have issued numerous joint regulations (including IRS Notice 2015-17) indicating that such a reimbursement plan is an employer health care arrangement subject to the market reform provisions of the Affordable Care Act. As such, a reimbursement as described above is not allowed to be integrated with an individual health insurance policy in order to meet the ACA market reform provision that there be no dollar limit on health benefits. Such arrangements could subject you to penalties of up to $100 per day per employee. Alternatively, payments made to employees regardless of whether they purchase individual policies must be included in wages, and thus the tax-free status normally afforded to health benefits is lost. Should you be looking for ACA compliant ways to contain your health care costs by having employees share in health insurance premiums while maintaining the benefit’s tax free nature, give one of our Certified Public Accountants a call.

October 4, 2016 - De Minimus Safe Harbor

When tangible personal property is purchased a taxpayer must determine whether the cost is an expenditure which will be immediately expensed or if the expenditure must be capitalized. There is a concept of De Minimis expenditures, which represent a limit below which the amount is too small to capitalize and, therefore, the expenditure is expensed, even if its benefit extends longer than a one year period. Prior to the updated regulation 1.263(a)-1(f), single transaction expenditures less than $500 qualified for the De Minimus safe harbor. Under the updated regulations, a business may, before a tax year begins, designate a policy whereby purchases substantiated by individual invoices of up to $2,500 may qualify for the safe harbor and need not be capitalized. Taking advantage of the increased De Minimus safe harbor guidance is likely to be beneficial to businesses which exhaust the expensing limits under section 179. Give us a call to discuss how you can take advantage in these new regulations.

September 2016 - New Overtime Pay Regulations

***THESE REGULATIONS ARE BEING LITIGATED. UPDATED INFORMATION AVAILABLE.  SEE NOVEMBER 23, 2016 POST ***  Early this summer, the Obama Administration finalized new regulations regarding overtime pay. The new regulations, which are scheduled to take effect December 1, 2016, increase the minimum amount that a salaried employee must be paid in order to not be subject to overtime rules.  The new floor is $47,476 increased from $23,660.  The new regulations also increase the earnings floor determining whether a high earning “white collar employee” may be exempt from overtime rules. If you are a client or prospective client, please feel free to contact us to obtain a more detailed summary of the changes. ***

August 1, 2016 - Pennsylvania Sales Tax Update

Effective August 1, 2016 digitally or electronically delivered video, photographs, books, and other printed material, apps, games, music, and even canned software are taxable for Pennsylvania Sales Tax, whether purchased in a single transaction or by subscription. We expect this to affect service businesses which may sell subscription software, and we also expect this to affect businesses which consume professional subscriptions from out of state vendors who are not required to collect sales tax. In this case, the consumer of the subscription will be responsible for use tax.

2015 - Affordable Care Act Implementation

The 2015 year brings with it the implementation of additinal reporting requirements under the Affordable Care Act for certain employers. In addition, arrangements that some employers have used for decades to help employees obtain health care tax free are no longer allowed. If you have questions about what the Affordable Car Act means for the taxes of your business and its employees, we suggest you set up a meeting with a CPA from our firm to help you better understand the tax effects of your options as well as new obligations that you may now have.

The 21st Century Cures Act was signed into law December 13, 2016. The new law allows small employers to reimburse employees for individual health insurance policies, even if purchased on the health care exchange. The reimbursement is limited in dollar amount and also has non-discrimination / uniformity rules. The new law also specifies how the reimbursement reduces or potentially eliminates the employees’ premium tax credit.  If you believe that this rule may be beneficial for you, give one of our CPAs a call to discuss how it may fit your business.

Stanilla Siegel and Maser LLC
825 Norman Drive
Lebanon, PA 17042

Phone: (717)273-1683
Fax: (717) 273-3576